A colonoscopy is the key to early detection and diagnosis of colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease. They are an important cancer screening measure for patients older than 50, and others at high risk. The procedure begins by inserting a tiny camera into the patient’s lower GI tract. Once the camera is inserted, the physician:

  • Examines the rectum and anus
  • Examines the entire colon (large intestine)
  • Examines part of the small intestine
  • Takes an intestinal biopsy for cancer screening
  • Removes cancerous polyps

A successful procedure is one that gives the physician all the information they need to diagnose the patient’s condition and, if necessary, come up with an effective treatment plan. In order for the procedure to run smoothly, there are important preparation steps that patients are required to take.

Colonoscopy Preparationgastroenterologist with probe to perform gastroscopy and colonoscopy

Because a colonoscopy can only be performed when the colon is completely free of solid matter, patients are required to follow a liquid diet the day before the procedure. In addition, a laxative preparation, commonly referred to as a “prep”, is taken the night before surgery to ensure the bowels are completely clear and ready to be examined.

Recovering from a Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is short procedure, usually lasting less than ten minutes. Patients are allowed to go home after they recover from the mild sedation given before the procedure. At home, patients can expect to experience fatigue and bouts of flatulence. Normal daily activities may be resumed the day after the procedure.

GI Doctor

Once our physician has received the results of the histology report, they’ll be able to make a diagnosis. The results and accompanying treatment plan will be discussed with the patient at their next scheduled appointment. Schedule a colonoscopy at one of our 7 locations now.